Government shutdowns occur in the United States when the funding legislation is failed to pass. This results in either partial or full government shutdown. Since the agencies affected by the shutdown don’t get any funding, they can’t continue their operations.
It not only affects the federal workers who are working for the agency that affected by the shutdown but everyone else that needs the agency. One of the best examples of this is the last government shutdown which was also the longest in the United States history.
When the government shutdown for 35 days, the Internal Revenue Service workers were called in before it ended so that the taxpayer’s tax refunds wouldn’t be delayed. This made tax refunds worth over $140 billion to be delayed. So if you were wondering why your tax 2018 tax refund was too late, the government shutdown may had something to do with it.
Reason for the last government shutdown
During Donald Trump’s presidency, two government shutdowns occurred. Although the first government shutdown lasted only for 3 days, the last one lasted 35 days. This was by far the longest government shutdown in United States history. In total, it cost the government a total of $5 billion.
Why did the government shutdown happen you ask? Well, President Trump wanted to fund $5.7 billion towards a wall in the southern border which made Democrats and Republicans not agreeing on each other. Therefore, the government partially shutdown and the following agencies did not get any funding for over a month.
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Commerce
- Department of Justice
- Department of Homeland Security
- Department of Housing and Urban Development
- Department of Transportation
- Department of the Treasury
This unfortunately made 380,000 federal workers being furloughed and 420,000 workers not getting paid for the duration of the government shutdown. All and all, the reasoning for the government shutdown was because Trump’s wall did not get funding.